Western Province, the Zambezi river has a large floodplain and in the rainy
season this area is flooded. Many areas during the wet season are covered by
less than 300cm of water.
earth mounds exist in this floodplain. The "islands" are randomly
scattered and the distance between them vary. The size of the actual mound also
varies. Many are large enough to accommodate a large homestead. Some islands
may contain a few families, probably extended, but usually one family resides
homestead will have the normal homestead structures, insaka main house, cooking
insaka. They will not contain a granary because maize is not grown here, the
soil is too sandy. Other crops are grown and an area for fishing chores exist.
the Lozi would live on the banks of the floodplain during the dry season. There
was more land available and better suited for crops. When the rains came the
Lozi would migrate out to their"winter homes" on the mounds. they
would fish and farm a small area of land.
this migration was an elaborate ceremony to celebrate the Litunga (Paramount
Chief) from the Lealui (floodplains) to his Limmulunga (higher ground). Hundreds
of his people follow behind in their dugout canoes, while the Chief is transported
in his royal barge.